Everyone needs a Web browser, but with so many different ones available, deciding which one is best for you can be hard. Are you looking for something blazing fast? Or is strong security your top priority? Or do you need lots and lots of add-ons?
RockMelt 0.9, the browser built on Google's Chromium framework that comes integrated with Facebook, was the surprise third-place finisher. We had expected the browser's Facebook integration and social-reading sidebar to slow its performance; but in our hands-on testing, RockMelt worked faster than most of its rivals, and it permits you to share links and chat with friends on Facebook without having to go directly to the social network.
Microsoft's Internet Explorer 9 earned a rather low score for its features: It doesn't offer themes for your browser, and you can't sync favorites unless you use Windows Live Mesh. Nevertheless, it offers more security options than most competing browsers, and it processed HTML 5 code quickly.
Opera 11.61 distinguished itself from its rivals with blazing page-load speeds and a great mobile browser, but it came up short in HTML 5 processing.
Safari 5.1.2 didn't perform especially well on any of our benchmarks; its only noteworthy redeeming quality, particularly for Windows users, is the solid security it provides.
While reading our assessments, bear in mind that every browser behaves differently depending on the hardware setup, the Internet connection, and the modifications you make to your browser (with add-ons, the amount of space allotted for cache, and the like).
• Lets you close slow or frozen pages without restarting the browser
• Sandboxed design helps prevent malware infections
• No integrated RSS reader
• Plain design
Chrome wins our top spot thanks to its ease of use, numerous extensions and add-ons, and superb performance. It may not be perfect for everyone, but Chrome is a well-rounded browser that should meet most people's needs.
To complement its impressive performance, Google's browser has some worthy features that others lack. For starters, Chrome runs tabs as separate processes--so if one of them crashes, the entire browser doesn't go down with it. If your online wanderings take you to a foreign-language website, Chrome will recognize the language and offer to translate it for you in a matter of seconds. The translations, powered by Google Translate, aren't exceptionally accurate, but they can at least give you a basic idea of what the page is about. Chrome is also one of the most secure browsers on this list, because it is sandboxed: The plug-ins that Chrome uses access information only within the browser itself and can't read information from other areas on your computer. Sandboxing prevents malware that uses plug-in exploits from spreading via Chrome through your PC.
Owners of smartphones or tablets running Android 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich) will appreciate the ability to sync their Chrome bookmarks and Web history to those mobile devices.
You can customize Chrome with Web apps, themes, and extensions to suit your preferences. Chrome's built-in Web store simplifies searching for and installing browser add-ons. The add-ons range from simple (an Evernote plug-in, for example), to complex (such as full versions of Angry Birds and Bastion). And unlike with Firefox, you don't need to restart your browser every time you install a new extension or app.
On the downside, Chrome lacks an integrated RSS reader, which means that you'll have to come up with your own approach to handling multiple RSS feeds if you subscribe to more than one.
• Superb HTML 5 performance
• Thousands of available add-ons
• Slow page loads
• Too many add-ons can bog down the browser
Firefox's biggest advantage over its rivals is its vast library of add-ons, which you can use to customize your Web browsing and make Firefox infinitely more useful. Not surprisingly, the more add-ons you install, the slower Firefox will be to start up and run. And some add-ons can turn Firefox into a memory hog, slowing down even the beefiest system.
Firefox is a relatively full-featured browser. You can save frequently used Web services--such as Pandora and Gmail--as App tabs, which are permanent tabs that Firefox saves in the browser. Think of them as bookmarks in tab form. If you're a power user who leaves tons of tabs open constantly, Firefox will allow you to collect the tabs into manageable groups, a handy feature for keeping your entertainment tabs separate from your work ones, for instance. If you use Firefox at home and at work, Firefox Sync will sync your history, bookmarks, and preferences across computers, and will even sync with the Firefox Mobile app on Android. Firefox has a pop-up filter and supports private browsing. The browser's malware protection will warn you if you happen to encounter a fraudulent website, and its updater ensures that your plug-ins have the latest security patches. Firefox will work with any security software that you have installed on your computer, using the software to scan downloads for malware.
• Makes communicating with Facebook friends easy
• Automatic syncing among computers
• Facebook sign-in required to get the most out of this browser
• Extensions and add-ons are relatively scarce
What fans love about RockMelt will undoubtedly drive some people crazy. A thin strip located on the right side of the browser window displays your Facebook friends' icons, and indicates their availability to chat. By clicking a friend's icon, you can chat in the browser window without having to switch back and forth between Facebook and your other tabs. On the left side of the browser window, you can choose "apps" for different websites that notify you of newly posted content. If the information at the edges of the browser window becomes distracting, however, you can silence the visual noise by clicking the bell icon in the top-right corner.
RockMelt has some other potential drawbacks. The browser will add any link that you click in the left-hand bar (such as a link from RockMelt's CNN app) to your Facebook timeline unless you turn the behavior off in the browser's preferences. Also, many extensions that work in Chrome don't function in RockMelt. RockMelt's CEO, Eric Vishria, says that the company is working with developers of good Chrome apps to produce RockMelt-compatible versions of the apps. He says that today there are about 200 extensions for RockMelt.
• Fast HTML 5 processing
• Good security features
• No themes or automated bookmark syncing
• Managing tabs can be difficult
Especially noteworthy are some great new privacy features, including the ability to block sites from cataloguing your browsing habits. IE 9 permits you to block sites individually or to rely on a Microsoft-assembled list of sites that have a history of tracking visitors after they leave the page.
Microsoft also embedded its Application Reputation app in IE 9 to scan downloads and to warn you if a downloaded file is dangerous. And the browser offers built-in cross-site scripting protection, which scans websites for certain types of malicious code, and stops such scripts before they can damage your computer.
The general appearance of Internet Explorer 9 is much improved over earlier versions. At long last you can move tabs between different browser windows, and the settings and favorites tabs are easier to find. IE 9 still doesn't have a native feature for syncing bookmarks, but you can import and export favorites as usual. With no themes and no in-browser spelling-check feature, IE 9 isn't the most festive or work-friendly browser available, but at least you can install an extension that provides the in-browser spelling check.
• Pages load very quickly
• Unique browsing experience with widgets
• Not HTML 5–friendly
• Fewer security options than other browsers offer
Opera makes a few extensions and add-ons available to users, in the form of widgets--light applications that you can download from Opera's Web store and run on your desktop as separate programs. Opera doesn't have to be open in order for the widgets to work, but they won't start up unless you have Opera installed on your computer. Widgets range from simple games to RSS feeds, and Opera's staff reviews all widgets that users can download from Opera's store to ensure that they're safe.
Another neat tool is Opera Turbo. It uses Opera's servers to compress Web pages to only a few bytes, enabling people with slow connections to browse the Internet more easily. This feature is also convenient for people whose broadband service imposes monthly caps on their bandwidth usage, though it will automatically disable itself if you happen to be on a faster connection.
Opera supports private browsing, and it will warn you when you attempt to visit a website that it suspects is fraudulent. Opera also lets you control which cookies you accept from Web pages, though the process for making your preferences known is messy and may be too complicated for many users to bother with. In comparison to the other Web browsers in this roundup, Opera is the most lacking in security options.
• Solid security network
• Mobile syncing is a cinch if you use an iOS device
Safari does have solid security features, and Apple has long been a proponent of default pop-up blocking, which dramatically improves any browsing experience. Also, similarly to most other browsers these days, Safari lets you open a private browsing window so that you can block all cookies and essentially search the Web unseen with the click of a button; just go to Settings and select Private Browsing. Since Apple's browser comes preloaded on all Macs and iOS products, syncing browser settings can be quite easy with iCloud if you have an iPhone. And with Apple's new Lion OS, the latest version of Safari has a number of of new security tools and more options for reading on the Web. Another safety measure: Apple recently integrated browser sandboxing into versions of Safari on Lion, so websites bearing malicious code never have access to your computer system.
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