Acne according to dermatologists ‘is a disorder resulting from the action of hormones and other substances on the skin’s oil glands (sebaceous glands) and hair follicles’. The sebaceous glands make an oily substance that is known as sebum. It empties onto the skin surface through an opening in the follicle called a pore. These factors lead to plugged pores and outbreaks of lesions commonly called pimples or zits.
It is usually caused by five factors which are Hormones, Excess Sebum, Bacteria, Inflammation and Follicle fallout.
There are many kinds of acne treatments that are available. Acne treatments can be natural or chemically based.
Examples of Chemical acne treatments that are commonly used include:
Salicylic acid: Common brands include
1. Noxzema: Available as cleansers, creams and scrubs.
2. Clean and Clear: Also available as cleansers and scrubs.
Benzoyl peroxide: Available in gel, cream or lotion forms. Common brands are Clearex 10, Oxy 10, Oxy on the Spot, Panoxy 10 or Panoxy 5.
Tretinion: The most common brand available is Retin A cream.
Antibiotics like Doxycycline, Minocycline and Tetracycline. This can be found in any pharmacy shop (i said pharmacy not patent medicine sellers or chemists). Brands of doxycycline include Doxycap, Interdox e.t.c.
Antibiotic, Anti-inflammatory and antifungal lotions or cream:
3. Acneaway cream.
Most of these products can be found in most pharmacies with the exception of the salicylic acid products which can be found in cosmetics shops or supermarkets.
Natural acne products include Sebamed anti acne range which has a gel for spots, cleansing bar, acne lotion, facial wash and cream.